Presidential rule will increase the efficiency of the foreign policy of Turkey
Politics20 April 2017, 17:51 466
The Constitutional changes adopted after April 16 referendum in Turkey opened a new page in the history of this country. Until now, the parliamentary rule has existed in Turkey, established after the fall of the Ottoman Empire. But after the latest referendum, Turkey transitioned to presidential system. The transition of the brother nation to this new form of governance revealed a new look to the region as well. How Turkey will affect the region it’s situated in and what will change in the policies are primary questions.
Political analyst and MP Elman Nasirli spoke to "Kaspi” and said Turkish people responded positively to the issues raised in the referendum. According to him, for the first time in its history Turkey went from parliamentary republic to presidential one: "The main issues at the heart of the referendum will be implemented starting from 2019. In theory, it’s forecasted that Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan would win the election in 2019. I have to point out that both presidential and parliamentary elections will take place on November 3 of the same year in Turkey. In accordance with the constitutional amendments, presidency is intended for 10 years and two terms. It’s possible for Recep Tayyip Erdogan to be elected president until 2019. If we take into consideration the confidence people have in him, it looks like a possibility”.
MP noted that a new era has begun in Turkish history: "The main characteristic of the new era is that the vertical rule has become stronger. Transitioning to the presidential rule will lead to more flexible decision making, and increased efficiency. The fact that over 51% of the voters supported this referendum shows that Turkish people are interested in change. Turkey is pursuing very active foreign policies and is one of the leading powers in the region. The active participation of Turkey on the issue of Syrian and others clash with the interests of others. Thus more pressure is put on the brother nation. Terrorist attacks, attempt for coup d’etat stem from the reality of pursuing an active foreign policy. It’s possible to predict that the presidential rule will lead to more efficiency in the course of foreign policy”.
Nasirli is certain that Turkey will pursue more active, pragmatic foreign policy in the new governing system: "The events show that the expansion of vertical governance in Turkey is the demand of the time. It’s a political move for Turkey to take this step and in my opinion, it will lead to Turkey becoming even a stronger country. Strong Turkey is an important ally for Azerbaijan. Turkey is the strategic ally of Azerbaijan. Turkey’s strengthening position in the world and the region serves the interests of Azerbaijan”.
Political analyst Elkhan Shahinoghlu said the changes to Turkish constitution will go into effect in 2019: "President’s authority will increase after 2019 elections. Until then, the legal status of president and the parliament will remain the same. The stance of the ruling party and Erdogan is that it will be easier to solve the problem Turkey face after the presidential rule is adopted. But it is early to explain how that will work. Because we will witness how the new system work after a new president is elected in 2019. We will know for certain if the presidential rule indeed help realize the objectives”.
According to Shahinoghlu, Azerbaijan-Turkey strategic partnership is at such a level that whether Turkey is a presidential or parliamentary republic will have no impact on it: "No matter who is leading Turkey, the country will always remain a loyal strategic ally of Azerbaijan. Our close ties will Turkey will remain. At the same time, I expect that the relations between our countries will move to another level after presidential rule is applied. It should also be taken into account that the post of prime minister will not exist after 2019 and the president will form the government. The newly appointed ministers need not be from the parliament. I think such factors will make the Turkey-Azerbaijan strategic partnership more colorful”.
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