Causes of anemia

Causes of anemia

Society
27 September 2019, 17:16 153
Over the past 13 years, the prevalence of anemia has increased in Azerbaijan. Although the number of anemia patients declined last year compared to 2017, their numbers were still higher compared with the year 2005. While the number of anemia patients registered in Azerbaijan’s healthcare facilities in 2005 was 37,807, in 2017, the number was 42,366, and in 2018 - 41,097. In 2005, 30,233 people were diagnosed with anemia for the first time and 47,552 diagnosed people in 2018. Over the past period, the number of newly diagnosed anemia patients per 100,000 people has also increased.
The number of children under 18, diagnosed with anemia for the first time, has increased in Azerbaijan. In 2010, 21,565 children were diagnosed with anemia for the first time and in 2018, 28,620 children. The number of children with anemia registered in the country’s health care facilities has declined over the past period. While the number of sick children registered in 2010 was 23,063, in 2018 their number dropped to 21,410.
Anemia is a pathological condition that is characterized by a low number of blood cells or erythrocytes and hemoglobin in the blood. Anemia is one of the most common type of blood diseases. Currently, 2 billion people worldwide suffer from anemia. According to medical studies, more women suffer from anemia than men. Mainly children and pregnant women are affected by anemia.
Statistically speaking, it is apparent that the situation is serious. But why has this disease become so widespread in recent years? How can we protect ourselves?
 
Anemia is a condition that develops when your blood lacks hemoglobin or other indicators, Dr. Shamsiyya Namazli told Kaspi. "In modern times, this disease is widespread among children. Among the main factors I would like to mention worm diseases. Inadequate nutrition is also a cause of anemia. Artificial foods are consumed more than fruits and vegetables. Children and adolescents consume extensive amounts of fast foods and energy drinks that give them a short-term energy boost. Sweets and chocolate desserts make up the bulk of their diet. All of this reduces the amount of hemoglobin in the blood and causes anemia. In some cases, the patient's blood has congenital anomalies which is also a key factor,” she noted.
 
Namazli said that anemia can also be considered a hereditary disease. If anemia runs in the family, it may also be passed on. "There are many reasons why the number of people suffering from this disease has increased.  These causes are divided into two parts, endogenous and exogenous. The causes I mentioned earlier are external causes. With regard to endogenous causes, gastrointestinal disorders and low stomach acid can be shown as examples. The internal process of absorbing foods is distrubed. As a result, the body’s blood cell count declines. Women have lower blood volume levels due to certain physiological processes. If the body has iron deficiency, anemia may occur. Therefore, I would advise people to eat more fruits, vegetables and meat products high in iron. These factors, which I have cited, have become widespread in recent years. All of this leads to an increase in the total number of anemia patients,” the doctor said.
 
According to the doctor, anemia patients, have weakened memory, and various heart disorders. "In recent years, this disease has become a serious problem. Many people suffer from anemia. Low blood volumes have become a common occurrence, especially among children and adolescents. Children who have reached a certain age and adolescents have calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and zinc deficiencies. If children bite their nails, it means that they may be deficient in something. Parasites and microorganisms in the nails develop by passing through the intestine which also indirectly leads to reduced blood flow. Therefore, parents should be cautious about such matters. High school students are usually sight-impaired. When children in school are unable to see the blackboard, their parents immediately take them to an eye doctor to get prescription glasses. But before the glasses, they should get a blood test. Proper treatment should be performed according to the blood’s composition. I recommend people, especially children, to undergo a general analysis of their blood twice a year. Children have fatigue when their blood volume is low. After walking only a few meters, chronic fatigue begins and they have shortness of breath.  Actually, this is not fatigue and the main cause is anemia. Therefore, timely treatment is essential to properly fighting anemia. The patient can be cured with a controlled diet and proper treatment under the supervision of a physician,” she added.
 
Medical expert, Prof. Adil Geybulla said that a few years ago, a research conducted by international organizations, in Azerbaijan, revealed that there were quite a lot of patients suffering from anemia in the country. "This issue was reflected in the records of these organizations. Research carried out by Azerbaijan’s National Aerospace Agency has also confirmed this fact. Studies show that the main cause of the increase in the prevalence of anemia has to do with nutrition. Of course, hereditary factors also play an important role here. It should be noted that there are more than one million refugees and IDPs in Azerbaijan. Their accomodation and proper nutrition have a serious impact on this issue. The vast majority of the population has a poor diet. One of the key factors is prefering poor quality foods. Monitoring among children shows that parents widely feed them artificial foods with low quality parameters. The consumption of fruits and vegetables is very low. The country has a serious food safety problem. Serious work should be carried out on this issue. Stress and environmental pollution are also a major causes of anemia. Serious work should be done to protect the health of children who are the future of our nation. A special program should be developed in this direction,” the expert noted.
 
Shabnam